Curriculum Models

The Maine Department of Education recognizes that implementation is entirely a local decision. Educators may find it helpful to refer to the following models when developing gifted & talented curricula.

  • Curry/Samara Model. Integrated, standards-based approach to teaching and learning that is used in regular, gifted and inclusion classrooms to assist teachers in meeting the needs of learners at all levels.
  • Frank Williams Model. Developing higher-order thinking skills.
  • The Williams Model. Creative thinking skills.
  • George Betts & Jolene Kercher Autonomous Learner Model. For students who seek independent learning. This model has a social/emotional component to it.
  • Differentiating the Common Core Standards: A Model by Kaplan & Manzone. The components of Kaplan's Grid are the theme, content, processes (e.g., productive thinking skills, research skills and basic skills) and products. This model emphasizes complexity and depth.
  • Kohlberg's Model. Kohlberg's theory specifies six stages of moral development, arranged in three levels.
  • An Introduction to the Parallel Curriculum Model. An integrated framework and set of procedures for designing rigorous and highly motivating curriculum that attends to important student differences.
  • Purdue Three-Stage Model. A general framework for program and curriculum development.
  • Renzulli Schoolwide Enrichment Model. Detailed blueprint for total school improvement that allows each school the flexibility to develop its own unique programs based on local resources, student demographics and school dynamics as well as faculty strengths and creativity.
  • Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy. An overview of Bloom's Taxonomy, which classifies levels of intellectual behavior important in learning. Provided by Old Dominion University. This is not a gifted and talented model, but it does serve to guide teacher's thinking about thinking skills.
  • Study of Mathematically Precocious Youth (SMPY) Model. Results of an eight-year study on the SMPY model.
  • Talents Unlimited, Inc. This curriculum framework highlights productive thinking, communication, planning, forecasting, decision-making and academic talent. This is not a gifted and talented model, but it does serve to guide teacher's thinking about thinking skills.
  • VanTassel-Baska's Integrated Curriculum Model. Designed to respond to gifted learners' characteristics of precocity, intensity and complexity through its three dimensions of advanced content; higher-level processes and product development; and interdisciplinary concepts, issues and themes. Commercial products are available in many content areas developed specifically for gifted and talented learners.